Theories Of Motivation In today’s world, people lack motivation in everything they do. For decades, scientists are doing research on things that motivates people in various activities. With many propositions for motivational theory by the scientists.
Two Most Popular Theories Of Motivation Of All Time
Hertzberg’s Two Factor Theory
In 1950, renowned psychologist Frederick Hertzberg developed the two-factor theory of motivation. After a survey of responses recorded by confronting two hundred engineers and accountants, Hertzberg found two factors influencing the feelings about their work. The two elements were motivation and satisfaction that reflected the negative and positive attitudes about work.
The factors that motivate the person and eventually leads to work satisfaction. Some of the best examples recognize hard work, enjoying what you do and progress in career.
Lack of motivation at work or dissatisfaction of what you do can lead to these factors. Some common examples are policy implementation by the company, salary pay, relationship with co-workers or managers, and many more.
Application Of The Theory
The theory suggests that to thrive in your workplace, you need to imply both the methods. You need to motivate your employees by appreciating and supporting them. It is essential to give reviews to your employees on their work and advise them on how they can do better. It is your job to ensure that your employees are delighted with their workplace. You can achieve this by paying them the deserving amount and improve work conditions. However, not all workers can be satisfied with one strategy. Every employee is different, and you might need various ways to find a solution.
Maslow’s Hierarchy Of Needs
In the year 1943, Abraham Maslow wrote the ‘Hierarchy Of Needs,’ which is known as the theory of human motivation. The method is simple; a man must meet their needs until they motivate themselves to reach the next level.
The Three Levels Of Hierarchy
These needs are critical to survival. With proper mental balance, a man can get adequate shelter, food, and water.
Safety is the key to survival. One needs to be financially secure to protect the future to their family members, be safe mentally, and stay healthy.
There is a basic need for family and friends for a person to survive.
The prime factor to motivation is self-confidence, without which no man can work.
To be successful in life, a desire from within is significant. No other theories work better than self-realization to get motivation.
Application Of The Theory
Chip Conley, the head of hospitality at Airbnb, used this theory to grow his business. According to him, some employees demotivate themselves and try to remain on the lower grounds. Conley let his staff understand their respective roles and organized retreat programs. His team to realize the importance of their roles and the outcome of it. The employees were motivated and respected for their work. To develop a better relationship, you can support them outside their work lives.