The Psychology Behind Motivation And How It Functions
Motivation in its basic essence is the action that drives us towards reaching a particular goal. It results to continue doing the things that need to be done. This is a crucial concept not just in psychology, but in other fields too. Let’s say, we want an employee to be more productive and more involved in the tasks given to them. So we give them incentives after doing a great job. A football team may want to change their strategy to effectively win over a much stronger opponent. A student may want to study harder and focus more on the lesson because he wants to reach his dream of becoming a doctor. These are just a few examples of situations where motivation can play an essential role in achieving one’s goals.
All of us needs motivation to even do the simplest of jobs. But sometimes, we may experience that our motivation drops significantly. Thus not allowing us to do something. We may give out excuses, lack of, or even abandon the task altogether. For the reason that we feel like it isn’t worth the effort and we have other things to do.
Maintaining motivation is the key to effectively perform the path towards the goal. It is also important to get our motivations back up quickly every time we feel lazy or lose interest.
To effectively do this, one should learn the three main components of motivation.
Activation Or Direction
It is self-explanatory that in order to reach a goal (like washing your car or become a better basketball player). The notion of “wanting” to achieve that goal will lead to nowhere if it won’t put into action. Activation is literally “walk the talk”, putting your back into it and making your aspirations or decisions into action.
Activation or Direction is the choice for the decision or action to start pursuing a goal. Making it technically the spark that makes you start fulfilling your goal.
For instance, a student may be already enrolled in a finance course but is motivated to change the course to engineering because it is appealing. A person may change the recipe he’s currently cooking because he thinks that another recipe is much better. If those examples don’t change their decision, they may be stuck on the thing. They don’t want or doesn’t have the passion for doing it.
Intensity is how much effort or concentration you put in order to achieve your chosen direction. It will rely upon the person’s judgment if the effort exerted will provide a certain result or not. Depending if that person’s judgment of the expected result is realistic or not.
For example, a person will either work out every day or every other day. Depending on how fast that person wants to burn out fats and calories. A football team will gradually increase the intensity of their training regimen in order to get ready for the upcoming match. A hunter will go out in the forest more often to increase his chances of hunting down more wild game.
Persistence is how determined a person is in reaching a goal. Even though hardships and obstacles may be present along the way.
Persistence involves utilizing all our time, concentration, energy and assets in order to go through the hardships. Overcoming it and reaching that goal we deserve. It will measure how dedicated, focused, and committed a person is.
For instance, a father would do 4 different jobs at the same time and will take overtime if permitted. Just to send his daughter to college for her desired degree. A soldier will go back into the firefight and is willing to face the enemies. Although outnumbered and outgunned because he wants to save a fallen comrade. A student will do different part-time jobs just to in order to pay for his tuition fees. Those are just a few examples of people who are persistent in reaching their goal.
All these 3; Activation or Direction, Intensity, and Persistence are the main components of motivation. Combining all three will give you a high level of motivation which will help you reach your desired goal. By deciding to act for yourself, the willfulness to increase your effort and concentration and ready to face challenges along the way. One can achieve the goal that they want to achieve, or even more.