Extrinsic Motivation is technically an external factor that drives you to keep pushing forward. It is the direct opposite of intrinsic motivation. In which is a behavior that is compelled by internal benefits. Like composing music because one just simply loves it. Usually, Intrinsic motivation gives us self-satisfaction, while extrinsic motivation is given by rewards.
Extrinsic motivations work both ways, either to give you a prize for the job well done, or suffer a bad consequence if failing the said task. These kinds of reward-punishment motivators work best for situations where you have little to no interest in doing the task or sometimes losing focus on the job.
Doing Tasks Because Of Rewards
Let’s talk about rewards first. Some people stick into the jobs they usually don’t like because of the simple notion. Receiving a hefty paycheck at the end of the month. Others don’t even think of resigning from their jobs because they are aiming for a much higher position in the company they’re in.
Other people such as athletes are aiming for that fame and glory. As well as the massive rewards and prizes. People from the entertainment industry are doing their best performances for just some minor roles. Believing that one day that they will be the next star and landing for a major role in future blockbuster movies. The point is, these people are looking forward to something good to happen after all the hardships and struggles they will go through.
But be warned, sometimes there are setbacks when using this method incorrectly. This will sometimes lead to someone being over-reliant to rewards. Having a smaller reward than what they use to often decrease their motivation in the said task. At times, even reaping the same reward over and over again will have a negative effect on the person. Such as losing interest in the task. In some cases, people will get “addicted” to it that they won’t perform the job if there is no reward that will match their expectations.
The point is, use this method properly and carefully, and explain why they are provided with these rewards.
Punishment For A Work Not Done Properly
Punishment is a bit negative way to motivate someone to finish a job or do a particular thing. Commonly, punishment is used to stop any unnecessary behavior or to instill discipline in the ranks and the task. People will work harder and finish a task in a timely manner if they know that their career is on the line. Other parents disciple their children to behave, or else face the business end of a flip flop on their butts. Students will study harder and focus more on their lessons. Thinking that if they don’t, they will fail the subject. Repeating another year again or be dropped out of college altogether.
Punishment is can only be used to promote discipline, and not to use all the time. Always tell them why they are punished and provide positive encouragement so that they will understand what they do wrong and to further avoid any issues in the future.
This kind of motivation has some bad effects too. This mostly results in increased anxiety, being not honest if things go wrong. Blaming others for the mistakes they have made. And not vocalizing their thoughts or ideas for the fear of further punishment. Sometimes, this drives someone to avoid the task altogether, thus inhibiting their personal growth, or just finishing the task hastily just to avoid any sanctions.
Balancing Rewards And Punishments
Extrinsic motivation is not a bad thing. Rewards and punishments should be balanced in order to provide much better motivation for people all the time. Too much of one aspect will greatly increase the chance of problems to occur in the long run. Proper implementation of this will turn every heavy task into a lighter, more interesting one, with something to look out for in the end.